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Ottoman Fabric: Turkey Origin Versatility for Home Decor

Jun 29, 2024
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Ottoman fabric refers to the ribbed texture originating from Turkey. Its strong, dense structure gave the fabric a lustrous appearance. Made primarily from silk fibers, the fabric features ridges. 

This fabric is available in both woven and knitted forms. Weaving tradition mostly offers versatility in upholstery, decoration, and trimmings. It remains durable and inexpensive.

Ottoman Fabric Definition

Ottoman fabric refers to the ribbed structure fabric. The fabric creates ridges and weaving. Ridges vary based on thickness. The weaving way makes the fabric strong and dense. There is a texture in the fabric that is inexpensive and strong. It is used for costume and event decoration.

This fabric is tightly woven and lustrous. Coats, upholstery, trimmings, sweaters, activewear, and coats are application areas. There is a knit texture named ottoman rib. This rib comes with a texture effect. 

Ottoman material is a silk-made cloth. It is woven or knitted using the fiber yarns. The fiber yarns can be both cotton and synthetic. There is also the use of artificial silk yarns, for instance, rayon and polyester. Yarns can be available in blended versions. It depends on the end use of the fabric.

The Origin of ‘Ottoman’

Doesn’t the name Ottoman refer to the Ottoman Empire? It surely does. Because Ottomans were the ones who introduced this fabric to Europeans. Since the Ottomans introduced it, the fabric denotes the origin country Turkey. The origin and introduction of all these ice-breaking parts happened in the century of 18th. 

Ottoman that time, used to be a padded seat with no arms and back. This idea is now a reality as furniture makers have started to make similar kinds of seats. These seats are cushions heaped and formed with main pieces. 

The Origin of ‘Ottoman Fabric’

Ottoman fabric is Turkey-origin. It is a weaving art originating from Turkey. Here, the weaving means striking patterns, colors, and others. The weaving represents a strong cotton base and silk. In the fabric, there are flat-shaped crosswise ribs.

The size of the rib differs. Some ottomans offer small ribs. A few ottomans come in ribs. It alternates in size. The size can be both wide and narrow. Ottoman has  the use in upholstery. Ottoman as a fabric affects the appearance, durability, and texture. 

Ottoman Fabric Composition

The Ottoman fabric consists of natural silk fibers. The fabric has a natural sheen. There is the ribbed surface that offers alternative strands. There are alternative strands. These strands belong to yarns. It can be a thin silk yarn or a heavier silk yarn. There is also the use of natural fibers. For instance, cotton, wool, etc. 

Besides, this fabric can be synthetic fibers made. Silk, wool, or a blend of these two contribute to its making. The chosen fiber influences the texture, sheen, and drape of the fabric.

Manufacturing Process

Ottoman fabric is woven but in a hand-made way. It has a heavy ribbed structure. In this woven corded fabric, there is an uneven match in weight in both warp and weft. The weight creates a ribbed effect. Ottoman does not break but tends to slip at the seams. It is manufactured via a process of knitting. 

This knitting process has the interlacing yarns of warp and weft. Raised patterns are part of the creation of manufacturing process. There is the knitting of weft yarns over the warp yarns. This process results in the ribbed texture which is distinct.

The Knitting Process

A few steps are there in the knitting process. For instance:

  • Setting up Warp and Weft Yarns: The warp yarns go in the lengthwise direction. Meanwhile, the weft yarns get set up on a loom in a crosswise direction. 
  • Knitting: The loom uses a specific pattern. It creates a ribbed texture. This same loom interlaces the warp and the weft yarn. 
  • Formation of Ribbed Pattern: Knitting weft yarns over warp yarns is a part of this process. It results in the raised pattern creation. This raised pattern also offers the ribbed effect.
  • The Finishing: Ottoman can undergo additional processes. These processes include dyeing, and pressing. The finishing enhances the fabric’s texture and appearance.

Ottoman Fabric Variations

The Ottoman fabric has silk, natural fiber, cotton, or silk-like threads. From formal wear to footstools, Ottoman has come a long way. It is a tight woven. The fabric has a shiny texture, specialized for upholstery and decoration.

The Type of Ottoman depends on two things: Weaving type and knitted type.

  • Weaving Type: When white fabrics get woven. It is woven in warp pique knitting. It is a knitted fabric with thin warp and thick weft threads. This procedure denotes the wove Ottoman. Woven Ottoman is good for apparel making. 
  • Knitting Type: The knitting type of Ottoman refers to the circular knitting machine. This ottoman knitting makes t-shirts and sweatshirts.

Another fabric type of Ottoman is-

  • Black Satin Ottoman: This fabric has a close rib texture. The creation of structure in a garment is the perfect one. The fabric feels stiff, yet useful for many purposes. The fabric is great for a subtle piece of statement. It is almost 70% cotton-made. Besides, the fabric is perfect for occasion wear. 
  • Plain Cotton Ottoman Fabric: This fabric is cotton-based woven fabric. Being a bit heavy, the fabric comes with a flat crosswise rib. Also, there is a pronounced textile with widthways-ribbed. Ottoman also resembles a corded fabric.
  • Polyester Ottoman: This type is versatile with great durability. Its aesthetic appeal has created a range of products that are designed for applications in different settings. The fabric has a unique ribbed texture. It is a great choice for home furnishings.
  • Italian Ottoman Fabric: Italian ottoman consists of excellent quality. It is 100% cotton made ottoman. In some cases, synthetics like viscose, polyester, these come in use. Adding lycra fiber yarn increases the elasticity. Italian ottoman gets back to its original form. It is pleasant to touch and easy to iron. 

Properties of Ottoman Fabric

Fabric NameOttoman
Fabric CompositionNatural and Synthetic fibers
Fabric Wrinkle ResistanceNo tendency to wrinkle
Fabric GSM/Weight220-240 GSM (It can be 150 to 500 GSM as well)
Fabric Stretch4-Way Stretch
Fabric Washing TemperatureWash at 40 degrees Celsius
Used inApparel, Home Decor, Home Furnishing

Characteristics of Ottoman Fabric

Ottoman fabric does not feature a lot of themes. But these 3 features have kept the fabric popular for decades: 

  • Texture: Ottoman has a distinct type of ribbed texture. This texture comes from a weaving technique. The technique results in the horizontal ribbing on the fabric surface. The ribbed pattern and texture add both depth and dimension. The texture allows a luxurious feel. 
  • Cost: This fabric is cheap. Because the texture of the ottoman is cheap. Yet, the fabric is strong in quality. There are no visible ridges in Texture. Pure silk made of Ottoman is expensive. Artificial silk offers a cheaper alternative.
  • Nap and Thread Direction: Ottomans never possess a nap. Using this fabric is possible in almost all thread directions. 
  • 4-Way Stretch: Ottoman can be stretched in horizontal and vertical positions with flexibility and comfort. The fabric also can recover in all directions. This feature allows the fabric to have great freedom of movement. 
  • Elegance: This fabric is woven textile and there is no doubt. There is a pronounced horizontal ribbed pattern. The texture sets a distinct elegance towards the fabric. 
  • Structure: The fabric has raised ribs. These ribs create a structured look. This tailored appearance makes the fabric suitable for creating elegant styles. Besides, this appearance is too well for clothing for formal and sophisticated reasons. This sophisticated layer offers a tailored look for jackets and blazers.
  • Durability: The fabric has a fiber composition. This composition offers proper durability. Besides, durability ensures a thing, that is, the fabric is resistant to wear and tear.

Ottoman Fabric Applications

Ottoman fabric is a texture. It comes a great use for upholstery purposes. For heavy-duty outerwear, this fabric comes in great use. The weave features a ribbed look to the surface. This is what makes the fabric easy to care for. Here are some areas where this fabric comes in use:

  • Home Decor: Decoration for furniture fabric, bathroom tiles, saunas, bathhouses coats, shawls, clothing, and ceremonial purposes.
  • Footstools Covering Ottoman furniture, sofa beds, and curtains.
  • Apparel: Winter suits, Evening dresses, Casual pants, Sports bras, Heavy Winter Suits, Jackets, and Sweatshirts. 
  • Home Furnishing: Curtains
  • Upholstery: Seat Covers

Ottoman fabrics also make great handy seats and footstools. The fabric is removable as well as washable. So, getting a fresh look never goes in vein.

Ottoman Fabric Care

Ottoman fabric is easy to clear. They come in both woven and knit. The fabric has a ribbed weave. Hence, the cleaning requires the following things. They are:

  • Cleaning should be done with a mild shampoo. Using a soft damp cloth helps to clean the surface. 
  • Sprinkled baking soda deodorizes the fabric. 
  • Vacuuming the fabric removes the odor.
  • Outerwear requires dry cleaning. The dry cleaning maintains the garment shape.


What does Ottoman Rib Knit mean?

It is an interlock fabric. The fabric consists of two interlock courses. The effect side of the fabric is full of 6 half-gauge jersey courses in a knitted manner. Also, there is a horizontal relief ridge. The formation of Ottoman rib happens on a rib and rib-tuck basis. It has the effect of a pronounced rib.

The main material is a mixed version of cotton and different yarn. The fabric has contributed to knitwear production. Also, this fabric is up for garments. Garments mean sweatshirts, cardigans, pullovers, sweaters, and dresses.

What are Patterned Ottomans?

Patterned ottoman refers to the stylized motif with shimmering metallic threads. 

Is Ottoman a Material?

Ottoman is a material but it was made of silk in its origin time. Present-day, ottoman denotes the material found in both woven and knitted. There is the use of cotton and synthetic yarn. Also, rayon and polyester come into use. Mostly these fiber yarns come individually and sometimes they get blended. Individual or blended, these ways of making this material depend on the end use.

Specifically, for which reason did Ottoman fabric come into use?

Ottoman is an exceptional material. The main usage of this textile is to make heavy-duty wear. It means the fabric can withstand harsh conditions. It does get worn out easily. Ottoman has a high tensile strength to contribute to the heavy-wear duty preferred works.

What does it mean by Ottoman Jersey?

Ottoman jersey is a ribbed effect-made product. It is for sewing purposes. Ottoman jersey is suitable for products like sweaters, and sweatshirts.

Who are the Suppliers of Ottoman Fabric?

There are a handful of suppliers who have this fabric in their collection. For instance:

  • Runtangtex.com
  • Tulsi International
  • Tessuti dell’Arte
  • Mood Fabrics
  • Fiber2Fashion
  • Prince Fabrics
  • Lush Fabric

Why Ottoman Fabric is called Corded Fabric?

Ottoman has two other names to be recognized. One name is Ottoman Rib Fabric, and Another is Corded Fabric. It is not exactly the corded. Ottoman as a fabric involves a specific weaving technique that raises cord-like ridges. 

Meanwhile, corded fabric does the same. However, not all corded fabrics have the features of ottoman fabrics. 

Is Ottoman fabric suitable for everyone?

Ottoman fabric does not get wrinkled easily. The fabric is stretchable. The weight can range from light to heavy weight. However, some uncertainties can occur. 

Ironing of the rib effect can damage the fabric. Besides, the fabric requires regular cleaning for upholstery. The fabric also holds allergens that might not be great for specific individuals. 


In the sewing world, the ottoman fabric is a renowned name. The fabric has created styles for home designs for traditional and contemporary purposes. As a fabric, Ottoman provides a peak performance to uphold elegance and sophistication. 

Its distinct ribbed texture creates a redefined look for apparel. With a tight weave and textured surface, Ottoman remains a popular choice for various applications in the entire fashion and home furniture industry.

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