Leading Knit Fabric Manufacturer

Knit Fabrics vs. Woven Fabrics

Sep 16, 2023
Table of Contents

Knit fabric and woven fabric are two of the most common types of textiles used in clothing and other textile products. They differ in their construction, characteristics, and applications, making each suitable for specific purposes.

Primary Distinctions between Knit and Woven Fabrics

Fabric Construction Process

Knit fabric is crafted by intertwining loops of yarn, usually utilizing knitting needles or machines. This method produces a fabric known for its elasticity and suppleness, enabling it to naturally mold to the contours of the body.

In contrast, woven fabric is fashioned through the intricate weaving of two sets of yarns at right angles, yielding a robust, lattice-like composition with minimal inherent stretch, resulting in a more rigid textile.


Knit fabrics possess inherent elasticity owing to their interlocking looped structure. They exhibit the ability to stretch both horizontally (widthwise) and vertically (lengthwise) and effortlessly revert to their original form.

On the other hand, woven fabrics showcase limited, if any, stretchability. They tend to maintain a relatively rigid composition and do not readily yield to stretching in any direction.


Knit fabrics often exhibit less durability compared to their woven counterparts due to the potential for loops to unravel when subjected to snagging or pulling. Nevertheless, durability can be improved through the careful selection of specific fibers and knit structures.

In contrast, woven fabrics are generally characterized by enhanced durability and a reduced propensity for unraveling, attributed to the tightly woven yarns that compose them.


Knit fabrics are often praised for their superior breathability compared to woven fabrics. This is attributed to their open, interconnected structure that facilitates enhanced air circulation. This property renders them particularly suitable for activewear and lightweight clothing, ensuring comfort during physical activities.

Conversely, woven fabrics tend to be less breathable due to their tight weave, which restricts air movement. Consequently, they are commonly favored for structured garments and heavy-duty applications where durability and rigidity are of primary concern.


Knit fabrics are characterized by their textured, often ribbed or looped appearance, which lends them a softer, drapey quality. These attributes make them a popular choice for casual and form-fitting clothing. In contrast, woven fabrics typically exhibit a smoother, flat surface marked by visible diagonal lines formed by the warp and weft threads. This smooth appearance frequently makes woven fabrics the preferred option for formal attire and structured garments, where a polished look is desired.

Seam Construction

Knit fabrics offer the advantage of being used in garments with minimal or even no seams, owing to their inherent stretchability. However, when seams are essential in knit garments, specialized stitching techniques are often required to prevent the fabric from stretching excessively.

In contrast, woven fabrics are ideally suited for garments with structured seams since they lack the inherent stretch of knits. Traditional seam constructions can be easily employed in woven fabrics without the need for special considerations related to fabric elasticity.


Knit fabrics find widespread use in everyday clothing items like t-shirts, sweaters, underwear, socks, and activewear due to their inherent comfort and stretch. Additionally, they are a popular choice for creating draped styles. On the other hand, woven fabrics are frequently selected for more formal attire, tailored clothing such as suits and trousers, as well as various home furnishings like upholstery and curtains. Their durability also makes them a go-to choice for heavy-duty applications like bags and industrial textiles.

Knit Fabric Overview

  • Construction: Interlocked loops of yarn.
  • Stretchability: High stretch in multiple directions.
  • Durability: Prone to unraveling but can be strengthened with specific fibers and structures.
  • Breathability: Often more breathable due to an open structure.
  • Appearance: Textured, often ribbed or looped.
  • Seam Construction: May require specialized stitching to prevent stretching.
  • Applications: Commonly used for T-shirts, sweaters, and activewear.

Quality Assurance and Testing: Before knit fabrics reach the market, they undergo rigorous testing to ensure they meet industry standards for quality and performance. This involves comprehensive assessments conducted by textile testing equipment manufacturers to evaluate factors such as tensile strength, colorfastness, and dimensional stability.

Discover our professional knit fabric from Runtangtex – the leading manufacturer in the industry.

Woven Fabric Overview

  • Construction: Two sets of yarns woven at right angles.
  • Stretchability: Limited or no stretch.
  • Durability: Generally more durable due to tightly woven yarns.
  • Breathability: Less breathable due to the tight weave.
  • Appearance: Smooth with visible diagonal lines (warp and weft).
  • Seam Construction: Traditional seams can be used.
  • Applications: Frequently used for formal attire, tailored clothing, and upholstery.

In summary, knit and woven fabrics offer distinct qualities that cater to various needs, with knit fabrics emphasizing stretch and comfort, while woven fabrics prioritize stability and longevity. The selection between them hinges on the intended use, desired appearance, and specific requirements of the textile product.

Related Articles

    Get In Touch With Us

    Please contact us if you are interested in our products and services.

    Contact Us